Pipeline for land irrigation in Banjarang, Thulopakar
1 km pipeline will help Banjarang (Thulopakar) community to irrigate the land all over the year and to target food self-sufficiency.
Gyamrng-Banjarang area in Thulopakar, Sindhupalchock district, is located in a valley enclosed by 2500m mountains 120 km from Kathmandu, in the North-East of Nepal. It can be accessed by car along the main road from the capital city in an hour and a half drive; local 4 km road and a stretch of about 40 minutes walk away.
Along the valley banks there are nine villages where 200 families reside, more than 1500 people.
In Gyamrng-Banjarang every family own small plots of land, from half to one acre, for a total of 150 hectares of farmland. The soils are located at high altitudes (where productivity is lower), but especially at low altitude, in the most fertile valley at about 1500m above sea level. Agriculture is practiced for self-consumption and is the main livelihood source.
The entire area is not equipped with a system of permanent irrigation. Land productivity is higher enough only during the monsoon season whereas for nine months a year is low. Lack of water damages the productive potential of wheat, rice and vegetables; the economy of the whole area is not able to provide sufficient resources for the families. Men migrate periodically to the cities for seasonal work (earning about 60-70 euro per month) and part of food stock, especially rice, must be purchased.
Pipeline will be a total length of 1 km and will channel water from Tanglang river through the forest, turn around a rocky outcrop and move down one of the two slopes of the valley to irrigate the land. The population will independently build small canals to carry water to their own lands.
The pipeline will irrigate part of the land in the valley for about 20 hectares, being the driest lands. Traditional building techniques will be used, and people who participate have already carried out similar work.
The pipeline will help increase the land productivity targeting food self-sufficiency.
Incomes sources growth will have a positive impact on the economy of the whole area, reducing seasonal migration. The pipeline will be useful to produce larger quantities of organic compost and improve the productivity of animals farming for the villages closest to the valley.
The entire Banjarang community will have great benefit from the project, having the chance to improve agricultural production, the main livelihood source.
Direct beneficiaries will be about 50 farmers who have land parcel in the area. Indirect beneficiaries are made by family members, for a total population of more than 400 people.
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