Farmland irrigation

1 km pipeline in Banjarang to irrigate the farmland in the dry season.

  • 50 hectars with permanent irrigation
  • 50 farmers, 400 families served



Caritas Italiana




Lack of water in the dry season affects the land productivity. The land has been neglected and difficult to serve even with rudimentary systems of canals. 

The goal: 

  • Supply sufficient water for irrigation over the year
  • Increase land productivity
  • Support local economy
  • Target food self-sufficiency

The plan: diverting the water flow from Tanglang river through the forest, turn around a rocky outcrop and move down one of the two slopes of the valley to irrigate the farmland.

WHAT ABOUT NOW? The pipeline irrigates 20 hectares of land in the valley, the driest one. 

The storyline

Banjarang is located in a valley enclosed by 2500m mountains 120 km from Kathmandu, in the North-East of Nepal. Along the valley banks there are nine villages where 200 families reside, more than 1500 people.

In Banjarang every family own small plots of land, from half to one acre, for a total of 150 hectares of farmland. The plots are located at high altitudes (where productivity is lower), but especially at low altitude, in the most fertile valley at about 1500m above sea level. Agriculture is practiced for self-consumption and is the main livelihood source.

The entire area was not equipped with a system of permanent irrigation. Land productivity was higher enough only during the monsoon season whereas for nine months a year was low. Lack of water damages the productive potential of wheat, rice and vegetables; the economy of the whole area is not able to provide sufficient resources for the families. Men migrate periodically to the cities for seasonal work (earning about 60-70 euro per month) and part of food stock, especially rice, must be purchased.


The farmland is now irrigated all over the year. Incomes sources' growth will positively impact the economy of the entire area, reducing seasonal migration. The pipeline allows also to produce larger quantities of organic compost and improve the productivity of animals farming.


The entire Banjarang community received great benefit from the project, having the chance to improve agricultural production, the main livelihood source. Direct beneficiaries are about 50 farmers who owns land parcel in the area. Indirect beneficiaries are the families, for a total of more than 400 people.


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